Posts about Mono

65535 interfaces ought to be enough for anybody

It was a bright, sunny morning. There were no signs of trouble. I came to work, opened Slack, and received many messages from my coworkers about failed tests.

After a few hours of investigation, the situation became clear:

  • I'm responsible for the unit tests subsystem in Rider, and only tests from this subsystem were failing.
  • I didn't commit anything to the subsystem for a week because I worked with a local branch. Other developers also didn't touch this code.
  • The unit tests subsystem is completely independent. It's hard to imagine a situation when only the corresponded tests would fail, thousands of other tests pass, and there are no changes in the source code.
  • git blame helped to find the "bad commit": it didn't include anything suspicious, only a few additional classes in other subsystems.
  • Only tests on Linux and MacOS were red. On Windows, everything was ok.
  • Stacktraces in failed tests were completely random. We had a new stack trace in each test from different subsystems. There was no connection between these stack traces, unit tests source code, and the changes in the "bad commit." There was no clue where we should look for a problem.

So, what was special about this "bad commit"? Spoiler: after these changes, we sometimes have more than 65535 interface implementations at runtime.

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A bug story about named mutex on Mono

When you write some multithreading magic on .NET, you can use a cool synchronization primitive called Mutex:

var mutex = new Mutex(false, "Global\\MyNamedMutex");

You also can make it named (and share the mutex between processes) which works perfectly on Windows:

However, today the .NET Framework is cross-platform, so this code should work on any operation system. What will happen if you use named mutex on Linux or MacOS with the help of Mono or CoreCLR? Is it possible to create some tricky bug based on this case? Of course, it does. Today I want to tell you a story about such bug in Rider which was a headache for several weeks.

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About UTF-8 conversions in Mono

This post is a logical continuation of the Jon Skeet's blog post “When is a string not a string?”. Jon showed very interesting things about behavior of ill-formed Unicode strings in .NET. I wondered about how similar examples will work on Mono. And I have got very interesting results.

Experiment 1: Compilation

Let's take the Jon's code with a small modification. We will just add text null check in DumpString:

using System;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Text;
using System.Linq;
class Test
    const string Value = "X\ud800Y";
    static void Main()
        var description = (DescriptionAttribute)typeof(Test).
            GetCustomAttributes(typeof(DescriptionAttribute), true)[0];
        DumpString("Attribute", description.Description);
        DumpString("Constant", Value);
    static void DumpString(string name, string text)
        Console.Write("{0}: ", name);
        if (text != null)
            var utf16 = text.Select(c => ((uint) c).ToString("x4"));
            Console.WriteLine(string.Join(" ", utf16));

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